The stalk is the source of fibers. The tuxies are extracted from the outermost portion of the leaf sheath then fibers are extracted using hand-stripping or a stripping machine.
Abaca-BACBAC (dried outer leafsheath) It is skinny on the upper side of the leaf but soft and fleshy on the other side. It has low tensile strength and not susceptible to penetration of different colorants. Abaca-Bacbac is also known as havana hemp or havana skin. It is used in making handicraft items, furniture, decorative accessories and more.
Abaca - LUPIS (third and fourth layer of the leafsheath)Fiber drawn from the third to fourth layer of the abaca leaf sheath. Abaca-Lupis is bigger compared to fine abaca. It is brownish in nature. It is skinny on the other part of the stripped fiber. Abaca-Lupis can beb used to make decorative accessories, fashion accessories, furniture , packaging materials, table-top accessories and more.
The abaca fibers are used in the production of handicraft products such as fashion accessories, decorative accessories, furniture, garments, textile, packaging materials, table-top accessories, playthings for pets, sports paraphernalia.
Abaca fibers are also used in sinamay weaving. Sinamay is of less gossamer tissue, but almost transparent and far more durable than the fabrics made from pineapple fiber. Sinamay materials are used in making gift boxes; packaging materials, decorative accessories, wall covering; draperies, fashion accessories, footwear; tabletop accessories andmore
Abaca fibers are also used in pulp -making which are used as raw material in the production of currency and bank notes , tea bags, coffee filters, meat casings, coating for pills, surgical caps and masks, high capacitor papers, cable insulation papers, Bibile paper, restoration and conservation of historical documents, adhesive tape paper, lens tissue, carbonizing tissue, abrasive base paper, mimeograph stencil base paper, weather-proof bristol , maps, charts, as a strengthening material for napkins and tissue paper; insulation for computer chips, etc.
Abaca fibers also have several medical and industrial applications: such as for ortophedic materials (joint replacements and fracture healing implants); as material composites to replace glass fibers in the manufacturing of cars,planes, yachts. For building materials such as fiberboards, ceramic tiles, wall facades, plumbing fixtures, reinforced concrete and roofing, caulking, flooring, electricity poles, in the production of sporting goods, telephones , cleaners and paints and more.
The stripping waste can be used as follows: growing medium for mushroom culture; raw material for hand-made paper making; organic fertilizer or compost ; production of alcohol; sludge from alcohol extraction can be processed into waxes or used in composting as organic fertilizers ; for fiber boards/ panel boards
Across the globe, abaca products are renowed for their versatility. When people think of abaca, most think of abaca by-products such as ropes, cordage, paper, cloth, furniture, fashion accessories and home decors. Although this popular material: abaca or "Manila Hemp" has been used for many decades for such things, what may not be generally known is that the abaca seed can also be used for food; for cosmetics / skin-care products and for industrial uses such as paints and inks.
Test results show that the Bio-Chemistry and Nutritional Analysis of the abaca seeds can have many beneficial uses and benefits. The fullpotential is yet to be realized in the form of the baca seed oil. The Abaca Philippines book hopes to educate the public about the immense potential of the abaca seed oil and to introduce it into commerce.
To find out more about the Abaca Seed Oil Composition; its Fatty Acid Profile as compared with common edible oils; ots Physicochemical Properties and Nutritional Analysis , and more ...order a copy of your book today.
Abaca Corms can be used as planting materials. Remaining portion or wastes can be used in the production of starch for industrial purposes.